A unique and unforgettable adventure
The Kilimanjaro is the roof of Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world that is fairly easy to climb.
There are different routes to reach the top of Kilimanjaro,
ranging from five to nine nights. Privately or in groups.
Without a doubt, this is one of the most extraordinary experiences in the world.
- Surface 3.885 km2
- Height 5.895 meter
- Big rain season February to May
- Small rain seasonaround November
Mount Kilimanjaro – 5.895 meter tall- with its infinite views, lies in the Kilimanjaro National Park, in the northeast of Tanzania, near the border with Kenya.
The Kilimanjaro is one of the ‘seven peaks’, making it a very popular mountain among climbers and fanatic hikers.
Landscape of the Kilimanjaro
1. The top of the Kibo is an area of 11 km2 permanently covered with glaciers and ice fields.
2. The mountain slopes have different vegetation zones, from tropical rain forests to alpine meadows and tundras.
3. Around the Kilimanjaro lies a savannah landscape.
4. The Shira consist of a stone-topped plateau of 6 km2 at an altitude of 3,800 meters above sea level. The Kibo has gentle slopes and permanent snow on top. The slopes of the Mawenzi are steep.
5.On less steep southern slopes of Kilimanjaro itself there are a few small settlements: Machame, Marangu, Umbwe and Kibosho.
Climate & season
The climate at the foot of Kilimanjaro is usually pleasant and mild.
Dry season is from June to September and there are two green seasons, with long rains from March to May and short rains from November to December.
The average annual temperatures are consistent: cool at night and rarely hot during the day. The higher up the mountain, the colder. The southern slopes receive considerably more precipitation than the northern.
June to October
The afternoon temperatures are around 19 degrees, with lots of sunny weather and clear skies. The night temperature is cool and is around 9 degrees. Occasionally, temperature can be around freezing.
The temperatures in the green season are mild and comparable to the dry seasons. The temperatures are usually around 23 degrees during the day and around 11 degrees at night.
November and December
A 30-day period with occasional short rains in the afternoon. The daytime temperatures are at around 22 degrees and in the early morning and evening around 11 degrees.
January and February
This is a dry period between the rains.
March to May
The wettest months. It rains most days, but rarely all day long. Clouds are common. The temperatures are around 21 degrees during the day and 12 degrees at night. Cold fronts occur in April and May.
1 The Kilimanjaro is a mountain range consisting of three contiguous strata volcanoes, created between 2.5 million and 150 000 years ago: the Shira, the Mawenzi and the Kibo. The first two have been extinguished, the latter is still asleep …
2.With its 5,895 meters, the Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa. Its highest point is the Uhuru Peak of Kibo, the youngest vulcano. The Shira is 4.005 meters and Mawenzi 5.149 meters high.
3.The Kilimanjaro was a beacon for Arabian caravans to navigate their travels through the African interior.
4.In 1889, Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller reached Uhuru Peak, the highest point of the Kibo, for the first time.
5. In 1886 Queen Victoria gave the Kilimanjaro as a gift to the German emperor, so that the emperor had a mountain too. She already had one: Mount Kenya. This gift explains the kink in the otherwise straight border between Kenya and Tanzania.
6.Barafukamp – or ice camp – is the last camp before you reach the top.
Routes and Information
If you want to climb the Kilimanjaro, Explore Tanzania offers you a choice of five different routes.
Your choice of route is important! A longer route increases the chance of success because there is more time to acclimatize.
Animals in the area
A frozen leopard was found in Kilimanjaro National Park in 1926, but in general there are mainly different species of monkeys and birds.
Other common animals include: black / white colobus monkeys, blue monkeys, rhino followers and white neck ravens.
Dieren overzicht Kilimanjaro
- Black and white colobus monkey
- Diverse bird species
- Monkey species