Dreamy spots and beautiful sandy beaches!
The coastal towns are surrounded by greenery, surrounded by beautiful sandy beaches on the Indian Ocean.
From Kilwa Masoko, the boats depart for the ruins of the Arab settlements at Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara.
- Surface area Kilwa District 13.960 km2
- Residents Kilwa District 175.000
- spring rainy seasonMarch-April
- autumn rain seasonDecember
Halfway between Dar es Salaam and Mtwara, Kilwa Masoko is the starting point for stately witnesses from a glorious past.
Culture & products in Kilwa
Kilwa is a sparsely populated area, of great cultural-historical value.
The Kilwa District has been around for over a thousand years. The small island of Kilwa Kisiwani, which is about 1 km from the mainland, was once the largest city on the East African coast. Shirazi Arabs settled there in the 9th century and created a city.
Most people in the Kilwa District live in houses built in the traditional way of wooden posts and mud, with a grass roof. They get their water from an unprotected well and use a pit latrine. Their house is lit at night by an oil lamp made from an old tin. Only 47% of the people are literate. Many young people move to the city for their education and work. Most of the residents are Muslim, a legacy of the long history of Islamic traders.
Kilwa has an abundance of natural resources. More than 90% of the working population is farmers or fishermen.
Farmers rely on traditional tools and methods. Most of the harvest is for your own consumption. The main crops grown for local consumption are cassava, maize, kafir corn and rice. Sesame, oranges, coconuts and cashew nuts are grown for export. Charcoal is also sold to residents in Dar es Salaam and wood carvings to tourists.
Fishermen catch for themselves and deliver fish, lobsters, seaweed and seashells for export.
Climate & season
Kilwa has a tropical climate with a wet and a dry period. Kilwa can be visited all year round.
December to April:
The most rain falls during this period. This mainly means a tropical shower in the morning and sometimes at night. The temperature in this period is quite high (up to 31 degrees during the day and 24 degrees at night).
There is little rain. The temperature has dropped slightly to an average of 27 degrees during the day.
June to October:
There is virtually no rainfall. The temperature drops further to an average of 25 degrees during the day, the ‘coolest’ period.
The probability of precipitation increases slightly again, as does the temperature (up to 32 degrees during the day).
1. Kilwa refers to Kilwa Kisiwani, located in the Kilwa District, part of the Lindi Region. In the Kilwa District you also have Kilwa Kivinje, Kilwa Kisiwani, Lindi and Songa Mnara Island. But also Songo Songo Island, the place from which you leave for Fanjove Island.
2. The Kilwa District is bordered to the east by the Indian Ocean and to the west by Nyerere National Park in Selous Game Reserve. The district has 93 villages.
3. The buildings on Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara islands are built with coral stone mixed with limestone, which has made the architecture beautiful and stable to survive the weather for centuries.
4. Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara are exceptional witnesses to the expansion of Swahili coastal culture, the Islamization of East Africa and the extraordinarily extensive and prosperous Indian Ocean trade from the Middle Ages to modern times.
5. The Portuguese Fort on Kilwa Kisiwani was built in 1505 by the soldiers of the army of the Viceroy of Portuguese India, Francisco de Almeida, to control the spice trade and secure their monopoly.
6. Kilwa is known for its witchcraft. Many people turn to witchcraft when they have a serious illness or a dispute.
Kilwa is home to the rich and impressive history of the East African coast …
Animals in the area
Kilwa District is located on the coast and is home to many marine life. In the west there are also moose, hartebeest and elephants ..
Common animals include various types of tropical fish, dolphins, dugongs and giant tortoises.
Dieren overzicht Kilwa
- Doejong (zeekoe)
- Sea turtle
Accommodation in Kilwa
Are you looking for the best spot in the wider area?
This lodge is attractive, comfortable, small-scale and quietly located between palm trees on the coast.